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Google Scholar. Mesters et al. Spin your science into gold: direct to consumer marketing within social media platforms. The authors describe the steps in their process and provide examples of how implementation science theories and frameworks can inform the IM process. Leshowitz B, Jenkens K, Heaton S, Bough TL. The risk of bias was high in at least one domain for all randomised studies. (18) nevertheless, note that BCT taxonomies fail to describe the specific conditions or requirements that make these methods effective (23). 2011:CD001270. J Med Internet Res. Kok G, Gottlieb NH, Commers M, Smerecnik C. The ecological epproach in health promotion programs: a decade later. 32. Respondents in our study, in the intervention and control groups were drawn from the same study base where they attend the clinic for treatment and care with high possibility of interaction during the study period. Planning groups can identify appropriate theories by (1) searching the literature on the health topic, (2) matching ideas from the brainstorming process to theoretical constructs, and (3) applying frequently used theories (9). Yes (2), chapter 1]. General knowledge about how to assess whether claims about health interventions are trustworthy is not common, so people’s health decisions can be ill-informed, unnecessarily costly and even unsafe. All educational interventions were eligible if they aimed to help the participants (learners) understand one or more of the key concepts considered relevant to evaluating the effects of health interventions and/or the interpretation of research results, as long as the examples/scenarios used were within the context of health information or claims, health conditions, the human body and/or conventional, complementary or alternative healthcare treatments. Key information is presented here, along with any clarifications and modifications of the methods described in the published protocol. Fig 1 shows the flow chart of the randomization and blinding. As in the Shegog and Begley (40) and Rodriguez et al. Health by design: Interweaving health promotion into environments and settings. Ndebele PM, Wassenaar D, Munalula E, Masiye F. Improving understanding of clinical trial procedures among low literacy populations: an intervention within a microbicide trial in Malawi. Results of sensitivity analysis of our study with the complete data ignoring cases with missing values and our primary analysis which was based on intention to treat analysis using mean substitution method were similar. (2015) 2015:160103. doi: 10.1155/2015/160103, 54. (2018) Effectiveness of health education intervention in improving knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding Tuberculosis among HIV patients in General Hospital Minna, Nigeria – A randomized control trial. PubMed Central Formal analysis, New South Wales Centre for Evidence Based Health Care. Educational interventions to improve people’s understanding of key concepts in assessing the effects of health interventions: a systematic review. 2015;17:e246. These included participants’ ability to appraise claims about treatments [37, 38, 48] and ability to apply the principle of causality . Eysenbach G, Diepgen TL. IM, however, describes the parameters of methods that are essential for both identifying successful methods in the literature and for developing intervention components (21). No, Is the Subject Area "Nigeria" applicable to this article? The Cambodian Ministry of Education and Training and the Ministry of Planning, with support from GPE and other partners, developed a program to screen more than 13,000 children aged 11-15 years in 56 schools. doi: 10.1037/0278-622.214.171.1249, 21. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Missing data from dropouts or loss to follow-up were replaced with imputation using the mean substitution method in line with the principle of intention to treat analysis . (2017) 5:334. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2017.00334. Nordheim LV, Gundersen MW, Espehaug B, Guttersrud O, Flottorp S. Effects of school-based educational interventions for enhancing adolescents abilities in critical appraisal of health claims: a systematic review. Article To make decisions about salient determinants that should be targeted with the intervention, IM guides planners through four core processes (2): (1) involving representatives from the target population, stakeholders, and implementers in brainstorming in the planning group; (2) searching through empirical literature for determinants of behavior or environmental conditions; (3) identifying and applying pertinent theories on determinants that influence these; and (4) conducting qualitative and quantitative research to explore unanswered questions. They provide an example of the use IM for planning implementation interventions. Three studies were performed in Uganda [37, 38, 48]. Methodology, 2014;7:24–8. those of the authors and should not be construed as the official position or policy of, nor A set of flexible evaluation tools (CLAIM Evaluation Tools) that can be used to measure people’s ability to assess claims about treatment effects has recently been developed and validated . Roles More certain estimates of the effects of educational interventions on critical assessment of health claims require well-designed educational interventions, validated outcome measures (including measures of skills and longer-term follow-up), rigorous study designs, such as pragmatic randomised trials, and assessment in a variety of populations (considering ethnicity, socioeconomic status and education levels).
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