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The King of Trabzon Commenos IV began to search remedies to get rid of this pressure and tried to bring together all nations from Caucasia and the coasts of Euphrates River to France and Vatican in opposition to the Ottoman State. Its population is over 808 thousand (2019) living on an area of 4,664 km2. The Byzantines gave special importance to Trabzon from the military point of view. Sultan Mehmet II converted Panaghia Krys Krysokephalos church into a mosque; called as Ortahisar Mosque, now it is called Fatih Mosque. the sailors, gardeners and fishermen. Due to the rainy climate even in the summer months, it has lots of green forests and mountains with many rivers and highlands. The population of the city was about 40 thousand. Copyrights © 1990–2020 All Rights Reserved by Burak Sansal. Also Turks used the word Rum, hence the Province of Anatolia was called as Eyalet-i Rum and Sultan-i Rum. When it was not paid, he sent Hizir Bey in 1456, the tutor of his son Sehzade Beyazid who was the governor in Amasya. Butter, corn and beans were exported from the harbor. Trabzon functioned as an independent state or empire during several periods in its long history, ruling over a vast area from Sinop in the west to Georgia in the east, even including territory in Crimea. Founded by Greek traders from Miletus in the 8th century BC, Trabzon has been handballed down the years between Cimmerians, Medes, Hellenes, Byzantines and a succession of other peoples. Public order began to deteriorate. During Kanuni Sultan Suleyman's reign (1520-1566), the Anatolian state was divided into two; Rumeli (Thrace) and Anatolia. If we measure the size of the city on population, it is relatively small. In accordance with the Ayastefanos agreement, Batum remained under the Russian rule and Rize became the capital of Lazistan in 1877. I want emails from Lonely Planet with travel and product information, promotions, advertisements, third-party offers, and surveys. When relations and wars between the Byzantines and the Arabs started, the Arabs called the people under the Roman Sovereignty as Rum, and the areas under the Roman sovereignty as Diyar-i Rum or Memleket-ul Rum (land of Rums). The Commander of the Fleet and the Governor of Gelibolu, Kazim Bey, took over the administration. In 1514 Erzincan became a state and Trabzon was bounded to it. Hatuniye and Fatih Libraries were constructed in 1844. Trabzon continued to be the starting point of international road to Iran and an important seaport town of Eastern Anatolia. In 1741 Omer Pasha established peace again. It is in this period that construction of the Saint Ann Church in Ayvasil district was completed. Later it served as a mosque again. Hagia Sophia Church was converted into a museum in 1964 and then into mosque again in 2013. Trapezous indicates the flat hilltop in the old city, which is surrounded by the medieval wall. Aqueducts of Saint Eugenius were built. When World War I broke out in 1914, the Government couldn't keep its neutrality and was obliged to enter the war on the side of Germany. He declared his Kingdom in Georgia in 1204 and came to Trabzon with the help of Christian Georgians. Sebinkarahisar, Samsun, Batum and Maradit were counties under the rule of Trabzon. After Yavuz Sultan Selim left in 1512, Iskender Pasha became the governor of Trabzon. Some say that the name of the city comes from the Greek "Trapezous"; "trapezion" is the table, and the ending "-ous" means "the place which possesses/has something" (eg. All rights reserved. During the reign of Emperor Justinian in the 6th century the city walls were thoroughly repaired and enlarged. Towns under the rule of central Trabzon, such as Akcaabat which was known for its tobacco; Yomra famous for its fruit and therapeutically waters; Macka as the center of making quilts, covering copper goods with tin and carving stones, were very popular at that time. Aziziye Mosque was built in 1862. We have reviews of the best places to see in Trabzon. Once an important stop on the Silk Road, it remains the Black Sea's busiest port. When the Roman Empire was divided into two at the end of the 4th century, Trabzon remained under the sovereignty of the Eastern Roman Empire which later on was called as Byzantine Empire. After the fights over the throne started in Byzantium (Istanbul) in the 12th century, the Commenos family was dethroned and young Alexis Commenos escaped to Georgia. Due to the threat of the Shiis developing in Persia, he constructed the city walls around the city. In 1582 the Trabzon - Batum state, whose capital was Trabzon, was established. In 1640 Evliya Celebi came to Trabzon and gave a great deal of information about the city in his book titled "Seyahatname". No part of this site may be reproduced without our written permission. Once an important stop on the Silk Road, it remains the Black Sea's busiest port. At the beginning of the 19th century the Russian attacks to Trabzon shores strengthened. The palace of the King and official buildings were placed on the high plains of the inner fortress. He also engaged his beautiful daughter to Uzun Hasan Bey, the ruler of Akkoyunlu, provided that he should defend Trabzon against the Ottomans. Huts for defense were built at bends and effort was given to establish Christianity so that the tribe Can, the dwellers along the road would be obedient. more, Things to Do in Trabzon, Turkey - Trabzon Attractions. The social tension caused by the Aghas went on. Moslem pirates, coming particularly from Sinop, were raiding the coasts and plundering Trabzon which became the center of Europe-Asia trade. Hatuniye Mosque which was built for his mother, was completed in 1514. After the conquest of Istanbul in 1453, Sultan Mehmet bound Trabzon to tax for 2000 duke golden coins. The public order was in a disorderly state again in Trabzon Region. It is located 3 kilometers west of the city and not to be confused with Hagia Sophia Museum in Istanbul. In 1563 Governor of Trabzon Kasim bey (Kasim Celebi) built Pazarkapi Mosque. Trabzon became a "Sancak" (outpost) which was later bounded to the Anatolian State. Trabzon was saved from the enemy invasion on 24th February 1918 and joined to the Motherland. Its name comes from Greek: Hagia Sophia means Divine Wisdom. Welcome to Trabzon Founded by Greek traders from Miletus in the 8th century BC, Trabzon has been handballed down the years between Cimmerians, Medes, Hellenes, Byzantines and a succession of other peoples. In 1828 war with Iran broke out and this time the governors, in order to participate in the Iranian war, were handing Trabzon over to their assistants called Mutessellim. Sultan Murat II attacked Trabzon in 1442 from the sea and returned home with slaves and taxes. Sakaoglu Mahmut Agha, the chief of Akçaabat, opposed the enemy in fierce battles and they drove the enemy to the sea with the support of Trabzon governor Carhaci Ali Pasha. In 1850 the construction of Erzurum - Trabzon highway began. The trade in Trabzon harbor started to expand continuously, hazelnuts were exported to Belgium and other countries. It became the capital city of eastern Byzantium during the years 1204 and 1461 and after that a very important Turkish city and Sancak in Ottoman time. In 1842 the Fetvahane Library was constructed. In 1863 the the mosque was restored, frescoes were covered with plaster, stairs were built for the bell tower which was used as a minaret. He built the Iskender Pasha fountain at Belediye Square in 1519, another fountain at Hoca Halil Mahalle, Asagi Hisar in 1523 and a mosque at Belediye Square and a medrese (which isn't there anymore) in his name in 1529. Charles Texier who came to Trabzon in 1832, gave many information about Trabzon in his famous book named Asia Minor and mentioned Trabzon as the transit center of the East. They saw hazel nuts for the first time. The city is famous for its fish, football (soccer) team, and the Sumela Monastery. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Trabzon, Turkey on Tripadvisor: See 3,965 traveler reviews and photos of Trabzon tourist attractions. The King of Trabzon, Alexis Commenos, fortified the citadel and ditches were dug around it. Trabzon (formerly Trebizond) is the largest city in the Eastern Karadeniz region of Turkey. The commercial life and public works became active. After his death in 1938 in Istanbul, the mansion was bought by Trabzon Municipality in 1964 and has been exhibited as a museum since then. Canik was one of the eight provinces conquered by the Turks in Anatolia and the name Turkey was given for the first time in 1081. Also, a large group of young people from Trabzon died in the battle of Sarikamis in the east of Turkey. Somewhat louche, it's the most sophisticated city in the region, too caught up in its own whirl of activity to worry about what's happening in far-off İstanbul or Ankara. The mansion, which was built by a rich Greek banker named Konstantinos Kappagianidis, is a good architectural example of 19th century European houses. They stopped the Russian Army on the border of Trabzon, but Russians occupied Of on 5th March 1916 and Trabzon on 18th April 1916 anyway. While there were Christian Kings in the inner citadel, Islam was spreading quickly in the outer citadel. Haci Kasim Fountain dating 1409 and Seydi Haci Mehmet fountain dating 1500 on Kavak Meydan street survived from the time of Yavuz Sultan Selim's governance. In the mid-13th century the Trabzon state was surrounded by the Cepnis. The church continued to serve until 1670 when Ottomans captured the region; it was converted into a mosque, and then used as a storage and hospital during World War I. The King of Trabzon David Commenos surrendered the city, and this was the end of Trabzon State that lasted 250 years in history. The Aghas and the notables didn't take the government into consideration. Trabzon is one of the major cities of Turkey and the biggest one in the Eastern Black Sea region.
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